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Located at 1342 King St. E. Kitchener, Ontario N2G 2N7

Drs. Wilkinson, Runstedler, Cottreau & Barth

Located at 1342 King St. E.
Kitchener, Ontario N2G 2N7

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Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsightedness, technically known as myopia, is a condition which causes difficulty focusing on objects at a distance, while near vision remains normal. Myopia is one of the most common vision problems worldwide and it is on the rise.

Myopia Signs and Symptoms

People with myopia are usually able to see well up close, but have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. Due to the fact that they may be straining or squinting to see into the distance, they may develop headaches, eye fatigue or eye strain.

Myopia Causes

Myopia is a refractive error caused by an irregular shaped cornea that affects the way light is focused on the retina. For clear vision, light should come to a focus point directly onto the retina. In myopia, the cornea is longer than usual, resulting in a focus point that falls in front of the retina, causing distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects can be seen normally.

Myopia typically has a genetic component as it often appears in multiple members of a family and it usually begins to show signs during childhood, often getting progressively worse until stabilizing around age 20. There may also be environmental factors that contribute to myopia such as work that requires focusing on close objects for an extended period of time and spending too much time indoors.

Diagnosis of Myopia

Myopia is diagnosed by an eye examination with an qualified optometrist. During the exam the optometrist will determine the visual acuity of the eye to prescribe eye glasses or contact lenses. A prescription for myopia will be a negative number such as -1.75.

Treatment for Myopia

Myopia is typically treated with corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses and in certain cases refractive surgery such as LASIK or PRK is an option. Surgery is the most risky treatment as it requires permanently changing the shape of the cornea. Other treatments involve implanting a lens that reshapes the cornea called a phakic intra-ocular lens or vision therapy. A treatment called Ortho-k, in which the patient wears corneal reshaping contact lenses at night to see without correction during the day can be another option.

While some people require vision correction throughout the day, others may only need it only during certain tasks such as driving, watching television or viewing a whiteboard in school. The type of treatment depends on the overall health of your eye and your eye and vision needs.

Our optometry office is included in healthcare services in Ontario deemed essential and permitted to stay open during the “stay-at-home” order.

We remain open to welcome you for routine optometric care including eye exams, contact lens care, and eyeglass dispensing.

We are committed to protecting your health and safety by maintaining controlled entry, temperature screening, hand sanitizing stations throughout the office, and mandatory masks as well as dedicated entrance/exit points. Doctors and staff will wear face masks and other personal protective equipment, in addition to adopting rigorous disinfection procedures.

Appointments are required to enter the office, in order to limit the number of patients and allow for social distancing. To ensure your safety and that of our team, entrance will be denied to anyone who does not have a booked appointment or to anyone who fails the COVID screening questionnaire. Please call our office to confirm hours and to schedule an appointment.