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Located at 1342 King St. E. Kitchener, Ontario N2G 2N7

Drs. Wilkinson, Runstedler, Cottreau & Barth

Located at 1342 King St. E.
Kitchener, Ontario N2G 2N7

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Forms of Macular Degeneration

There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The term neovascular refers to the growth of new blood vessels.

Dry AMD (non-neovascular)

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease, making up about 85%-90% of all cases of AMD. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is an early stage of the disease and is less severe than the wet form,.

Dry AMD occurs when the aging tissues of the macula begin to thin out and break down. Tiny pieces of white or yellowish protein called drusen begin to appear, which are thought to be deposits from the macular tissue as it deteriorates. The appearance of these drusen are often what leads to a diagnosis of AMD during an eye exam.

With dry AMD vision loss happens gradually, however, the dry form can progress to wet AMD rapidly. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, however there is research that shows that some people can benefit from supplemental vitamin therapy including antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD (neovascular)

Wet AMD is less common occurring in only about 10 percent of those with AMD. AMD is classified as Wet AMD when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, resulting in blind spots and a loss of central vision. Wet AMD can cause more damage to vision and permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD. Usually vision loss happens faster and is more noticeable than in dry AMD so the quicker it is treated, the more vision you can preserve.

Our optometry office is included in healthcare services in Ontario deemed essential and permitted to stay open during the “stay-at-home” order.

We remain open to welcome you for routine optometric care including eye exams, contact lens care, and eyeglass dispensing.

We are committed to protecting your health and safety by maintaining controlled entry, temperature screening, hand sanitizing stations throughout the office, and mandatory masks as well as dedicated entrance/exit points. Doctors and staff will wear face masks and other personal protective equipment, in addition to adopting rigorous disinfection procedures.

Appointments are required to enter the office, in order to limit the number of patients and allow for social distancing. To ensure your safety and that of our team, entrance will be denied to anyone who does not have a booked appointment or to anyone who fails the COVID screening questionnaire. Please call our office to confirm hours and to schedule an appointment.